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Thursday, July 24th, 2014
Oil

Oil is known as the 'black gold'. In this modern age, Oil is perhaps more precious and more demanded than Gold is anymore. Oil shapes our very life; most of what we do day to day requires Oil... And it's killing us...

Oil has been mined since the 4th century in China. However, Fractional Distillation was only discovered in 1853, which meant that for many centuries Oil had been used for non-damaging purposes only, such as Tar for roads. The discovery of Fractional Distillation meant that many Oil refineries were built all over the world. However, in the 1800s there were only 2 uses of Oil: Kerosene and Oil Lamps. This meant that there wasn’t much demand for Oil. However, in the early 20th Century the internal combustion engine was invented. Suddenly, demand for Oil skyrocketed.

However, even until the 1950's, Coal was the World’s foremost fuel, but Oil quickly took over. However, in the Energy Crisis of 1973 when Arab members of OPEC decide that they would stop the supply of Oil to countries which supported Israel in its conflict with Syria and Egypt, chaos ensured. OPEC also used their leverage over the world price-setting mechanism for oil in order to quadruple world oil prices. This showed how much the West actually depended on Oil. However, in 1974 OPEC began supplying Oil again to the West and reduced Oil prices. The Energy Crisis of 1979 was not very serious but it showed how much the West could panic over the loss of Oil.

Because of these energy Crisises, the West realised that Oil wasn't going to last forever. However, many disagree how long it will last. Many believe it will only last another 40 years. Others (including USA), believe that it will last for a long time...

Now onto the worst effects of Oil. Oil Extraction has caused much damage to wildlife all over the world. Many ecosystems all over the world have been damaged by Oil Spills. Burning Oil releases Carbon Dioxide which contributes to Global Warming.

Over the last few years, the price of Oil has increased rapidly. To me this suggests it's time to use other sources of energy instead. Instead of using Petrol in cars, we could use Electricity, Hydrogen, Ethanol or Biodiesel instead. All of these are clean fuels. They give off no pollution which could halt Global Warming in its tracks. When Fossil Fuels run out, the Environment will be saved.

Oil is used to produce energy for many Western countries, however, many countries have reliased that Oil is very damaging to the Environment and it just won't last. So many Countries are looking to Renewable sources instead, which should either slow down Global Warming or stop it.

Now, where would a rant be without mentioning the USA. The USA disgust me to the core (the Government, not its people), they deny that there is Global Warming, fire people who speak out against them and invade other countries just to get more Oil. What they are doing is disgraceful, no matter what other countries do to reduce their dependcy on Oil if the USA are still dependent on Oil, then Global Warming will happen. They refuse to change this and are looking to get as much Oil as possible before it runs out. Now, there are people in the USA who understand my point of view. However, the USA uses the CIA and the FBI to keep this people silent. If one person was allowed to speak out about the dangers of Oil in the USA, I'm sure the public would try to do something about it.

Oil is perhaps the worst thing in the Universe. It corrupts people, it ruins the Environment and it costs people their lives and their money... So please, let's hope something can be done before it's too late...
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